Your corneas are the windows to your eyes and help to focus and bends the light giving you clear vision. The cornea also as it enters the eye and helps to protect the delicate parts of your eye it from dust and infection. However, there are Some eye conditions which affects the cornea, causing vision loss, pain, or infection. In these cases, which may mean you need corneal transplant surgery may be necessary..

What  Is Corneal Transplant Surgery?

A Corneal transplant surgery, also known as kerato plasty, is an operation in which an ophthalmologist partially or totally removes a damaged part or all of the cornea and then replaces it with healthy tissue from a donor. This operation is performed by an ophthalmologist.

Who is a Candidate for Corneal Transplant Surgery?

You may need corneal transplant surgery if you have problems with your vision such as an irregular-shaped cornea, known as keratoconus, or a corneal infectionkeratoconus, or other conditions which cause vision loss due to cloudiness or thinning or the corneas.

Before Surgery

You will have been in close consultation with your ophthalmologist for the weeks leading up to surgery, discussing you’re the specifics of your case you will likely attend at least one consultation with your ophthalmologist to discuss your case and treatment plan. Once a suitable donor cornea is available, your ophthalmologist your doctor will set the date for the surgery.

You may have some additional examinations beforehand. and Also, you may have to stop taking any some types of medications before prior to the surgery, especially such as blood thinners.

Make sure that you organize Arrange for someone to drive you home after the surgery, as you will not be able to drive yourself due to the anesthetic and poor perception during the recovery period vision will be blurry during the recovery period.

During Surgery

On the day of the surgery, The surgeon will apply eye drops to keep your eye moist during the surgery during the operation, and prevent infectionand they will use a device to keep your eye open. They Then, you will also be give you either a local or general anesthetic depending on on the complexity of your individual case, and an apparatus will be applied to your eye to keep it open. You will not feel any pain during the operation.

There are various transplantation methods depending on your needs. In some cases, you willpatients need a full full-thickness transplant to remove the entire cornea, and. Other times, sometimes only a thin front layer of cells is removed and replaced with donor tissue.

In other cases Sometimes, the surgeon removes the inner layer of the cornea is removed, and inserts an air bubble is used to push the layer of donor tissue into the right position.

Your eye surgeon ophthalmologist may also perform other repairs on the eye during your surgery if you have other eye problems like such as cataracts.

After Surgery

Once the  surgery is complete, your doctor will place a shield over the eye to protect it while it heals. You will stay You may be kept at the clinic or hospital for up to 24 hours for observations and to ensure there are you suffer no adverse effects from the anesthesia.

The day after the surgery, your ophthalmologist will remove the shield you will have your eyes checked by your doctorand examine your eyes. It’s totally normally for your vision to be blurry at this stage. , and you may need to return to have the stiches removed.

There are a few rules to follow at home after your surgery to ensure that your eye recovers optimallyheals properly. Always Use the drops prescribed by your ophthalmologist every day according the directions on the packet. Never Don’t rub or scratch your eye and try to prevent dust or other irritants from entering it.

Avoid strenuous physical activity and try to rest as much as possible. Your ophthalmologist will tell you when you can drive again and when you can are able to return to work. This will vary depending on the nature of your job.

Ask your doctor about any pain medication you can take and when you can resume you regular activities.

Risk Factors

The he biggest potential complication of main risk factor involved with even the best corneal transplant surgery is organ rejection. Thirty percent Organ rejection is a risk for 30% of corneal transplant patients are at risk, so it’ is important crucial to be aware of watch out for the warning signs like such as pain, excessive redness, clouded vision, and light sensitivity.

Final Words

Corneal transplant surgery can be life-changing. If you are living with vision loss as a result of a damaged or deformed cornea, ask your eye doctor if you could be a candidate for corneal transplant surgery.